Tutorial

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Abbreviations are shortened forms of words or lengthy phrases

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See also Acronyms

There are so many abbreviations that you may come across when looking through job adverts. To help you with your quest we thought it would be usefull to post some of the most common below:Sometimes adverts are so full of them that you may be left wondering what it is they are looking for.
AAE According to Age and Experience
ACA Associate of the Institute of Chartered Accountants
ACCA Associate of the Chartered Association of Certified Accountants B2B Business to Business
B2C Business to Customer/Consumer
B2E Business to Education B2G Business to Government
C or Circa Around/Approximately
CAA Civil Aviation Authority
CAD Computer Aided Design
CAM Computer Aided Manufacturing
CEO Chief Executive Officer
CIM Chartered Institute of Marketing
CIMA Chartered Institute of Management Accountants
CIPD Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development
CIPS Chartered Institute of Purchasing & Supply
CNC Computer Numerical Control
CPMI Computerised Personnel Management Information
CRM Customer Relationship Management
CTOChief Technical Officer
CWQU Company Wide Quality Improvement
EAP Employee Assistance Programme
eCRM Electronic Customer Relationship Management
EFTPOS Electronic Funds Transfer Point of Sale
EIS Executive Information System/Enterprise Information Systems
EMEA Europe, Middle East & Africa
EPO Enterprise Profit Optimisation
EPOS Electronic Point of Sale
ERP Enterprise Resource Planning
FCA Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants
FCCA Fellow of the Chartered Association of Certified Accountants
FIFO First in First out (stock valuation)
FMCG Fast Moving Consumer Goods
FX Foreign Exchange
HRD Human Resource Development
HTML Hypertext Markup Language - programming code for web pages IIS Internet Information Server
ITInformation Technology
iTV Interactive Television
IWS Integrated Work Stations
JIT Just In Time (stock system) K Thousand
Kanban JIT method for reducing costs in high volume production lines  - derived from Japanese system - more info
KPI Key Performance Indicators
LAN Local Area Network
LEALocal Education Authority
LIFO Last In First Out (stock valuation)
M/F Male/Female
MBA Master of Business Administration
M-F Monday to Friday
MIS Management Information System
MRP Material Requisition Planning
Neg Negotiable
NPD New Product Development
NVQ National Vocational Qualification
OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer
OTC Over The Counter
OTE On Target Earnings
PA Per Annum PA Personal Assistant
PCM Per Calendar Month
PRP Performance Related Pay
QA Quality Assurance
QC Quality Control
RF Radio Frequency
SAP (stands for 'systemanalyse und programmentwicklung' honest!) - enterprise wide software solution used by large companies to integrate applications - became popular in the early 90's
SAP APO SAP's Advanced Planning Optimiser is a software solution managing global supply chain management
SLA Service Level Agreement
SMC Surface Mounted Component
SMT Surface Mounted Technology
SPC Statistical Process Control SQL Pronounced 'see-qwell', stands for Structured Query Language - a popular programming language used in databases
T0C Table of Contents
TEFL Teaching English as a Foreign Language
TPM Total Preventative Maintenance/Total Productive Maintenance
TQC Total Quality Control
TQM Total Quality Management
TWAIN - Scanning Images (Term Without An Interesting Name)
UML Unified Modelling Language - programming language
W/E Weekend
WAPWireless Application Protocol
WPM Words Per Minute
XML Extensible Markup Language - pared down version of internet code and commonly used for writing WAP applications

 

 

PREFIXES IN COMMON USE

Noctiphobia - Fear of the night

AD, (a, ac, af, ag, al, an, ap, ar, as, at)—to: e.g. adjoin, ascend, accede, affix, aggravate, alleviate, annex, append, arrive, assimilate, attain.

AMBI, amphi—both: e.g. ambidexterous, amphibian, amphibious.

ANTE—before: antecedent, antediluvian, anticipate.

ANTI—against: e.g. antidote, antipathy, anti-aircraft, antiseptic.

ARCH—leader, chief: e.g. Archangel, Archbishop.

ARCHAE—ancient: e.g. Archaeologist, archaic.

AUTO—self: e.g. autobiography, automobile.

BENE—well: e.g. benefactor, benevolent.

BI, bis—two, twice: e.g. bisect, bilingual, biennial.

CATA, cath—down, throughout: e.g. cataract, catapult, catholic.

C1RCUM—round: e.g. circumference, circum-navigate, circumlocution.

CIS—on this side: e.g. cis-alpine.

CON, (co, com, col, cor)—with, together, e.g. connect, co-operate, combine, collaborate, corroborate.

CONTRA, counter—against: e.g. contradict, counteract, controvert.

DE—down, away from: e.g. descend, dethrone, degenerate, deflect.

DECA—ten: e.g. decagon, decalogue.

DEMI—half: e.g. demi-god.

DIA—through: e.g. diameter, diagonal.

DIS, dia—in two: e.g. dissyllable.

DIS, (di, diff)—apart, asunder: e.g. differ, dispel, divert.

DYS—ill: e.g. dysentery.

EPI—upon: e.g. epitaph.

EQUI—equal: e.g. equidistant, equivalent, equilibrium.

EU—well: e.g. eulogy, euphony.

EX, ec—out of, from:   e.g. exodus, exhume, exclude, excavate, eccentric.

EX—former: e.g. ex-policeman, ex-soldier, ex-convict.

EXTRA—beyond: e.g. extraordinary.

FORE—before: e.g. foretell, forefinger, forehead.

HEMI—half: e.g. hemisphere.

HEPTA—seven: heptagon, heptarchy.

HETERO—different: heterogeneous, heterodox.

HEXA—six: e.g. hexagon, hexameter. HOMO—the same: e.g. homogeneous, homonym.

HYPER—beyond, above: e.g. hyperbole, hyper-sensitive.

HYPO—under: e.g. hypothesis.

IN (ig, il, im, ir)—not: {These are used before adjectives) e.g. invisible.

ignoble, illegal, impure, irregular.

IN (il, im, ir, em, en)—into: {These are used before verbs)

 e.g. inject, illustrate, import, irrigate, encourage, embrace.

INTER—between: e.g. intervene, intermediate, intercept.

INTRO—within: e.g. introduce.

JUXTA—near to: e.g. juxtaposition.

MAL, male—bad: e.g. malefactor, malediction, malice, malcontent.

MET A—change: e.g. metaphor, metamorphosis, metonomy.

MIS—wrong: e.g. mislead, miscount.

MONO—alone, one: e.g. monarch, monoplane, monologue.

NE, non—not: e.g. nonsense, negation.

OB (o, oc, of, op)—against, in the way of: e.g. obstacle, obnoxious, omit, occasion, offend, oppose.

OMNI—all, universal:  e.g. omnipotent, omniscience, omnivorous.

PARA, par—beside: e.g. parallel, parable.

PENE—almost: e.g. peninsula.

PENTA—five: e.g. pentagon.

PER—through, thoroughly: e.g. perfect, percolate.

PERI—around: e.g. perimeter.

POLY—many: e.g. polygamist, polygon, polysyllabic.

 

POST—after: e.g. posthumous, post-mortem, postscript.

PRE—before: e.g. predecessor, preamble, precede.

PRETER—beyond: e.g. preternatural.

PRO—for: e.g. pronoun, produce, propel.

PRO—before: e.g. prologue, prognosticate.

PSEUDO—sham: e.g. pseudonym.

RE—back, again: e.g. rediscover, react, rejoin, remit.

RETRO—backwards: e.g. retrograde, retrospect.

SE—aside, apart: e.g. seclude, seduce, separate.

SEMI—half: e.g. semi-circle, semicolon.

SINE—without: e.g. sinecure.

SUB—under: e.g. submarine, subordinate, subterranean.

SUPER—above:     e.g.    superhuman,    supernatural,

superfine.

SUR—above: e.g. surmount.

TRANS—across: e.g. transport, transmit, transatlantic.

TRI—three: e.g. triangle, tripod, triple, tricycle.

ULTRA—beyond: e.g. ultra-modern, ultra-violet, ultra-mundane.

VICE—in place of, for: e.g. viceroy, vice-captain, vice-president.

Two areas of general knowledge Compendium & STEAMER

 

compendium

When I was a kid trying to get an "A" at school my dad bought us a set of Encyclopedia Britannica, which were a large set of about 20 books. With no Internet (1960's) I used to take a book to my room and read as much as I could and found the information fascinating, I also got a copy of Wilfred D Best Students'Companion which helped with my general knowledge especially later when I went to quiz nights. After becoming a teacher I felt students should get as much general knowledge as possible so with the aid of dictionaries and reference books and the Internet I started to build a collection of works as a 'student compendium'.

ency

During my Digital Media, Multimedia and some VET courses I got my students to work on The STEAMER book of knowledge, especially those advanced students that completed task ahead of time, this was my fall back lesson for those clever or advanced students, these were asked to pick one of the areas of study and create a cover page, find some interesting facts on the subject of choice (usually via the Internet) and put their findings into a chapter of the book The book was 138 pages long at my retirement from teaching.

STEAMER Stands for

Science, Technology, English, Arts, Mathematics, Environment and Religion.

Eventually I gathered sufficient to create the Student Compendium and also a Steamer Book of Knowledge, so here they are compiled mainly by myself but with student support so it might help some of you with your studies or at least provide interesting reading.

Best of luck Peter J Faulks

steamer

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Explanation for Compendium
File Includes
ANU - Australian National University
An acronym is a pronounceable word formed from the first letter (or first few letters) of each word in a phrase or title. Sometimes, the newly combined letters create a new word that becomes a part of everyday language. An example of this is the acronym radar.
Adjectives are words that describe or modify other words * Priest = Sacerdotal
Apes - gibber, Camel live in Australia, Sahara & Arabia names = Bull - is called a heifer
Opposites = Absent - present
SC005_Big_Words for small
Anger - Dudgeon * bold - Audacious
A partner in crime - accomplice
A passage between the pews in a church - Aisle
SC007_Commonly_confused_words
Council, an administrative or advisory body, do not confuse with counsel, advice or guidance. Homonyms
Aberdeen - The Granite City The Torrid Zone has the hottest climate Zinc - Mexico, U.S.A., Spain
SC013 Death Words pertaining to Occurring after death - posthumous
SC009_Diminutives
Cask - casket   
SC010_Famous
Matthew Flinders -discovered Bass Strait. * Lord Robert Baden-Powell founded the Boy Scouts in 1908
SC011_Figurative_Expressions
Aloof -To keep to oneself and not mix with others.
SC012_Gender
Actor - Actress
SC013_Geography The Circumference of the earth is approxinmately 24,800 miles.
SC014_Gods War - Mars
SC015_Government Australian Government
SC016_Grammar Explains various uses of nouns verbs etc.
SC017_Human_Relationships THE ART OF LIVING - Consideration for the feelings of others
SC018_Inventions Clock (pendulum) - Christian Huygens
SC019_Kings_Queens of UK EGBERT 827 - 839
SC020_Literary A book in which the events of each day are recorded - Diary
SC021_Marriage A hater of marriage - misogamist
SC022_Medical A disease confined to a particular district or place - endemic
SC044_Metaphors Metaphor is a figure of speech that makes an implicit, implied, or hidden comparison between two things that are unrelated
SC023_Miscellaneous All Fools' Day - 1st April - Aussie slang - sounds that things make etc.
SC024_Nouns sit - seat (when to use Nouns)
SC025_Names Boys & Girls names explained
SC026_Nature A four-footed animal - quadruped
SC027_Negatives That which cannot be pierced or penetrated - impenetrable
SC028_Numbers A number of fish taken in a net - catch, haul
SC029_Opposites Unable to read - il-literate
SC030_Patron Saints St. George of England, St. Andrew of Scotland
SC031_Places A place where fishes are kept - aquarium
SC032_Possessive_Case Is the case which denotes the owner or possessor
SC045_Phobias Noctiphobia - Fear of the night
SC033_Professions The commander of a fleet - Admiral
SC034_Similes Archates - a good friend * Belt = to hit below the belt
SC035_Proverbs A bad beginning makes a good ending.
SC048_Sayings as a drowned rat. - as ancient as the sun—as the stars.
SC036_Science_and_Arts An instrument for detecting earthquakes - seismograph
SC037_Scientific_Terms The science of land management - agronomics
SC038_Seven_Wonders The Pyramids of Egypt
SC039_Synonyms abandon....... desert, forsake, leave.
SC040_War Nations carrying on warfare - belligerents
SC041_Weddings 7th year—Copper or Brass
SC042_Words_to_Verbs strong - strengthen
SC043_Other Any other items that might be of interest
SC044_Metaphors Metaphor is a figure of speech that makes an implicit, implied, or hidden comparison between two things that are unrelated
SC045_Phobias Noctiphobia - Fear of the night
SC046_Death
Occurring after death - posthumous
SC047_Thesaurus

Thesaurus - abandon = abandoned, abandoning, abandonment, abandons affluent =having an abundant supply of money or possessions of value,words explained and incorrect use of words

SC048_Sayings as afraid as a grasshopper.
SC049_UrbanMyths

The floor was dirt.  Only the wealthy had something other than dirt, hence the saying "dirt poor." 

 

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Page last updated 2nd March 2020