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War Words

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p

War Words

see also

World War II Air Battles

The World At War

 

aggression

An unprovoked attack by an enemy

aggression

alien

A foreigner in a belligerent country

alien

ammunition

ammunition

Shells, bombs, military stores

amnesty

A general pardon of offenders

amnesty

annihilate

To reduce to nothing

annihilate

armistice

An agreement by belligerents to stop fighting

armistice

arsenal

A place where naval or military weapons are made or storedarsenal

bandolier

A broad belt worn by cadets across the right shoulder and across the chest with pockets for carrying cartridges g cartridges

bandolier

battalion

amnesty

The main division of an army

battalion

bayonet

bayonet

A short sword fixed on to the end of a gun

bayonet

belligerents

Nations carrying on warfare

Belligerents

besiege

To surround a place with the intention of capturing it

besiege

bivouac

bivouac

An encampment in the open air

bivouac

To camp in the open air without tents or covering

bivouac

bulletin

Official reports on the progress of the War

bulletin

canteen

canteen.

A place where soldiers can buy drinks and other refreshments

canteen

 

A container for drinks

canteen

capitulate

To surrender to an enemy on agreed terms

capitulate

casualties

casualties

The killed or wounded in battle

cavalry

Horse-soldiers

cavalry

commandeer

commandeer

To seize for military use

conscript

A person who is forced by law to become a soldier

conscript

conscription

conscript

Compulsory enrolment as soldiers or sailors

contraband

Smuggling of goods or engaging in prohibited traffic

contraband

convoy

convoy

 

A number of ships travelling together under escort for the sake of safety

demobilise

To release from the army

demob

diplomacy

The art of conducting negotiations between nations

diplomacy

embargo

embargo

An order prohibiting ships to leave the ports

espionage

The act or practice of spying

espionage

evacuate

evacuate

To remove from one place to another to avoid the destruction of war

furlough

A soldier's holiday

furlough

fusillade

A number of firearms being discharged continuously

fusillade

garrison

garrison

 

A body of soldiers stationed in a fortress to defend it

garrison

A fortified place defended by soldiers, cannons, etc.

garrison

guerilla-war

guerilla-war

An irregular warfare conducted by scattered or independent bands

I. E. D.

ied

An improvised explosive device (IED) is a bomb constructed and deployed in ways other than in conventional military action. It may be constructed of conventional military explosives, such as an artillery shell, attached to a detonating mechanism. IEDs are commonly used as roadside bombs.

 

Today, there are an estimated 110 million anti-personnel mines in the ground and another 250 million stockpiled in at least 108 countries around the world. 

infantry

Foot-soldiers

infantry

intern

intern

To keep citizens of another country in confinement

invade

To enter a country as an enemy

blitz

manoeuvre

Skilful movement of ships or troops in order to secure an advantage over the enemy

manouvre

mobilize

mobilize

To make troops, ships etc. ready for war service

neutral

Taking neither side in the struggle, that is, not assisting either of the belligerents

neutral

N.V.G.

nvg

A night-vision device (NVD), also known as night optical/observation device (NOD) and night-vision goggles (NVG), The first military night-vision devices were introduced by the GermanArmy as early as 1939 and were used in World War II

ordnance

ordanance

Heavy guns, artillery and army stores

parachute

An apparatus which opens like an umbrella to enable a person to drop safely from an aircraft

para

 

parole

A promise given by a prisoner not to try to escape if given temporary release

parole

puttees

puttees

A long strip of cloth bound round the foot of soldiers from the ankle to the knee

puttees

reconnoiter

To make an examination or preliminary survey of enemy territory or military objective

reconnoiter

recruit

A soldier recently enlisted for service

recruit

reveille

revellie

Music for awakening soldiers in the morning

Reveille, from the French word ‘reveillez’, meaning to ‘wake-up’, was originally played as a drum beat just prior to daybreak. 

Its purpose is to wake up the sleeping soldiers and to let the sentries know that they could cease challenging. It was also a signal to open the town gates and let out the horse guard, allowing them to do a reconnaissance of the immediate area beyond the walls. 

salvo

The firing of many guns at the same time to mark an occasion, usually seven soldiers fire three volleys for a 21 gun slaute

salvo

volley

A shower of bullets

volley

World War II Air Battles

(Power Point)

WW2 Air

 

The World At War

Reference

 

1300–1200 BCE

 

Trojan War (dates uncertain)

1200–1100 BCE

 

Trojan War (dates uncertain)

800–700 BCE

 

First Messenian War (c. 735–715 BCE)

Lelantine War (c. 720–680 BCE; dates uncertain)

700–600 BCE

 

Lelantine War (c.720–680 BCE; dates uncertain)

Second Messenian War (c. 660 BCE)

500–400 BCE

 

Greco-Persian Wars (492–449 BCE)

Peloponnesian War (431–404 BCE)

400–300 BCE

 

Lamian War (323–322 BCE)

300–200 BCE

 

First Punic War (264–241 BCE)

Second Punic War (218–201 BCE)

200–100 BCE

 

Third Punic War (149–146 BCE)

100 BCE–100 CE

 

Gallic Wars (58–50 BCE)

600–700

 

Jinshin-no-ran (672)

1000–1300

 

Norman Conquest (1066)

Crusades (1095–1291; sporadically thereafter)

Gempei War (1180–85)

Barons’ War (1264–67)

1300–1400

 

Hundred Years’ War (c. 1337–1453)

War of the Eight Saints (1375–78)

1400–1500

 

Hundred Years’ War (c. 1337–1453)

Thirteen Years’ War (1454–66)

Wars of the Roses (1455–85)

?nin War (1467–77)

1500–1600

 

Count’s War (1534–36)

Araucanian Wars (1541–58)

Livonian War (1558–83)

Eighty Years’ War (1568–1648)

War of the Three Henrys (1587–89)

1600–1700

 

Eighty Years’ War (1568–1648)

Kalmar War (1611–13)

Thirty Years’ War (1618–48)

Powhatan War (1622–44)

Bishops’ Wars (1639; 1640)

English Civil Wars (1642–51)

First Northern War (1655–60)

War of Devolution (1667–68)

King Philip’s War (1675–76)

War of the Grand Alliance (1689–97)

King William’s War (1689–97)

1700–1800

 

Second Northern War (1700–21)

War of the Spanish Succession (1701–14)

War of the Emboabas (1708–09)

Carnatic Wars (1746–48; 1749–54; 1758–63)

Queen Anne’s War (1702–13)

Yamasee War (1715–16)

War of the Polish Succession (1733–38)

War of Jenkins’ Ear (1739–48)

War of the Austrian Succession (1740–48)

King George’s War (1744–48)

French and Indian War (1754–63)

Silesian Wars (1740–42; 1744–45; 1756–62)

Seven Years’ War (1756–63)

Lord Dunmore’s War (1774)

Rohilla War (1774)

American Revolution (1775–83)

First Maratha War (1775–82)

War of the Bavarian Succession (1778–79)

Cape Frontier Wars (1779–1879)

French Revolution (1787–99)

French revolutionary wars (1792–1801)

1800–1900

 

Cape Frontier Wars (1779–1879)

French revolutionary wars (1792–1801)

War of the Oranges (1801)

Tripolitan War (1801–05)

Second Maratha War (1803–05)

Third Maratha War (1817–18)

Napoleonic Wars (1803–15)

Black War (1804–30)

Peninsular War (1808–14)

War of 1812 (1812–15)

Creek War (1813–14)

War of Greek Independence (1821–32)

Padri War (1821–37)

Naning War (1831–32)

Pastry War (1838–39)

Mexican-American War (1846–48)

Crimean War (1853–56)

Bleeding Kansas (1854–59)

American Civil War (1861–65)

War of the Triple Alliance (1864/65–70)

Seven Weeks’ War (1866)

Selangor Civil War (1867–73)

Franco-German War (1870–71)

Acehnese War (1873–1904)

Red River Indian War (1874–75)

Serbo-Turkish War (1876–78)

Anglo-Zulu War (1879)

War of the Pacific (1879–83)

Gun War (1880–81)

Sino-French War (1883–85)

Serbo-Bulgarian War (1885–86)

Sino-Japanese War (1894–95)

Spanish-American War (1898)

Philippine-American War (1899–1902)

South African War (1899–1902)

The War of a Thousand Days (1899–1903)

1900–2000

 

Acehnese War (1873–1904)

Philippine-American War (1899–1902)

South African War (1899–1902)

The War of a Thousand Days (1899–1903)

Boxer Rebellion (1900–01)

Moro Wars (1901–13)

Russo-Japanese War (1904–05)

Pig War (1906–09)

Mexican Revolution (1910–20)

Italo-Turkish War (1911–12)

World War I (1914–18)

Baltic War of Liberation (1918–20)

Russian Civil War (1918–20)

Russo-Polish War (1919–20)

Rif War (1921–26)

Chaco War (1932–35)

Italo-Ethiopian War (1935–36)

Spanish Civil War (1936–39)

Sino-Japanese War (1937–45)

Phony War (1939–40; no actual hostilities)

Russo-Finnish War (1939–40)

World War II (1939–45)

Greek Civil War (1944–45; 1946–49)

Arab-Israeli wars (1948–49; 1956; 1967; 1973; 1982)

Korean War (1950–53)

Algerian War (1954–62)

Vietnam War (1954–75)

Six-Day War (1967)

War of Attrition (1969–70)

Yom Kippur War (1973)

Dirty War (1976–83)

Afghan War (1978–92)

Iran-Iraq War (1980–88)

Falkland Islands War (1982)

Persian Gulf War (1990–91)

Bosnian conflict (1992–95)

Kosovo conflict (1998–99)

2000–

 

Afghanistan War (2001–14)

Iraq War (2003–11)

Syrian Civil War (2012– )

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